Food addiction, or food addiction, exists and is manifested by two main diagnoses: compulsive overeating and bulimia.
A person with a food addiction does not perceive food as a physiological need and does not eat to satisfy hunger. Food becomes a source of inspiration, an antidepressant, entertainment. Eating disorders are dangerous to health and can lead to serious diseases, including obesity, anorexia, heart and vascular disease.
Where does addiction begin?
Food addiction is considered a psychological problem that harms the body as a whole. A person uses food as a way to cope with various emotional states: anxiety, stress, excitement, boredom, low self-esteem.
The main reasons for the development of addiction:
- a period of life crisis (teenage crisis, job loss, severe postpartum condition, etc.);
- exhausting mode of work with violation of sleep and nutrition;
- serious emotional upheavals;
- eating or limiting food to achieve various goals (the child wants to receive praise or not offend his mother and grandmother, the girl dreams of getting a figure from the picture).
What are the signs of food addiction
A person with bulimia or compulsive overeating experiences bouts of “wolf” hunger. In such cases, they eat to nausea, filling the stomach to the eyeballs, and then they scourge themselves for another overeating. In bulimia nervosa, after bouts of binge eating, it is not uncommon to try to compensate for the breakdown, for example, to provoke vomiting.
If with compulsive overeating a person gains weight very quickly, then with bulimia this danger is less. But the risk of causing malfunctions in the gastrointestinal tract is much higher. Metabolism, stomach acidity, intestinal microflora are disturbed, the condition of teeth, skin, hair worsens, the risk of injuries to the esophagus and oral cavity increases.
Food addiction increases the risk of various diseases and can aggravate the psychological state – lead to social isolation and long-term depression.
Food addiction develops gradually and has a number of symptoms.
No appetite control
There is no feeling of fullness and instinctive hunger does not work. Food becomes a symbol of problem solving and soothing, rather than a way to satisfy a biological need.
There are a number of “drug products”
This is the food without which you cannot survive even one day. Most often, these are foods with a high glycemic index and high calorie content: sweets, pastries, fatty and fried foods. People with addiction have special supplies of such food in case of an attack.
There are always reasons to fail
The reason for overeating can be both negative and positive moments: a quarrel with relatives, a promotion at work, a day off, and even a promise “from tomorrow to a diet.”
Remorse and guilt
After a bout of overeating, addicts experience feelings of guilt and shame, they are haunted by the thought of how to get rid of food addiction.
Food in secret
People are more likely to eat alone, hide sweets and eat them when they are alone at home. In society, a person with addiction can follow a diet, but, when he comes home, overeat cakes.
All thoughts of food
A person suffering from food addiction thinks about food all the time: what to cook and from what foods, what he will eat for lunch and what to eat.
No fear of losing health
People are aware of the dangers of addiction, notice health and weight problems, deterioration in appearance and emotional state, but do not refuse an additional piece of the pie.
What to do?
Few people with food addiction can manage this problem on their own. The rest need the help of a psychotherapist and a nutritionist. Anorexia is considered a particularly difficult case of addiction to eating behavior, which can lead to death due to exhaustion.
If you have noticed signs of an eating disorder in yourself or your loved ones, do not waste time – contact a specialist.
Food addiction must be fought to stay healthy. At the first stage of recovery, you need to realize the problem, reduce stress, find a hobby so that you do not fill your free time with pizza and cookies.
Enlist the help of specialists: a psychologist, nutritionist or nutritionist. They will help you create a complete diet and replenish deficiencies, revitalize your receptors and restore the body’s signals.
- Adjust your sleep and eating habits. Be sure to get enough sleep.
- With a lack of sleep in the body, the level of leptin, a hormone that regulates appetite and is responsible for feeling full, decreases.
- Check out your fridge, leave only healthy products, walk more in the fresh air and stop scolding yourself for past food problems.