<a href="https://www.championat.com/authors/5743/1.html">Svetlana Perez</a>” title=”<a href="https://www.championat.com/authors/5743/1.html">Svetlana Perez</a>“/></p></div><p>clinical geneticist, nutritionist, expert of UniProf Academy of Physicians</p><p class=What are the signs of diabetes?

Among the characteristic symptoms of type I diabetes (often type II):

  • increased thirst;
  • frequent urination.

But there are also lesser-known signs of the disease that often appear before typical symptoms.

But the earlier a diabetic or pre-diabetic condition is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat and control.

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We talk about 10 phenomena that may be signs of diabetes.

Chronic fungal infection

High blood sugar weakens the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight infections, including fungal infections. Excess sugar “feeds” the fungus growing at an incredible rate. The extra sugar in the blood also promotes the growth of the yeast flora. Often, patients struggle with the problem for years, not knowing that they have an imbalance in blood glucose. And it also reduces the effectiveness of therapy.

The most common causative agent of fungal infections in diabetes mellitus is candida alba.

Other types of skin, bladder, or urinary tract infections may also indicate the development of impaired glucose tolerance.

blurred vision

Rapid changes in blood sugar levels can cause the lenses of the eyes to become cloudy or swollen. Because of this, vision will lose clarity. If left untreated, diabetes can damage the blood vessels at the back of the eye and cause cataracts, glaucoma, and even blindness.

Nausea or constipation

High blood sugar can slow down the digestion process and cause nausea, constipation, or indigestion.

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A typical gastrointestinal illness usually lasts no more than 2-3 days. If your nausea, constipation, or vomiting persists for longer, the problem is most likely caused by something else, possibly too high glucose levels.

mood swings

Sudden mood swings, weakness, fatigue, moodiness, sudden aggression. Elevated glucose levels affect brain activity, disrupting the elasticity of blood vessels and their permeability. A person with persistently high glucose levels cannot control their emotions. Excess sugar “irritates” and distracts the central nervous system.

Long-lasting wound

Excess blood sugar slows wound healing, leaving them vulnerable to secondary infection. For this reason, surgeons often test patients for diabetes before surgery.

Unexplained weight loss

Losing some weight is good. But if you’ve lost a lot without making any changes to your diet or exercise regimen, it could be due to diabetes.

In this case, due to a lack of insulin, the sugar needed for energy is not absorbed and is excreted in the urine. Therefore, the body begins to burn fat and muscle in order to gain strength. This can lead to rapid and dramatic weight loss. Only weight loss will come at the expense of muscle mass and in the future will lead to a cascade of consequences that destroy the coordinated work of the body.

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Dark spots on the skin

Folds of skin around the neck, in the armpits or groin, elbows and knees may darken and become leathery. This is “dirt” that is not washed off. These dark spots are a symptom of insulin resistance and can be an early sign of diabetes.

In severe cases of the disease, the skin becomes rough to the touch, significant peeling develops, especially of the scalp. The hair itself loses its shine. Calluses and cracks appear on the soles and palms. Often develops a pronounced yellowish coloration of the skin. Nails are deformed and thickened. Skin itching, dry mucous membranes, skin infections, partial hair loss appear.

Rashes or excessive facial hair

Women with insulin resistance develop thick, coarse facial hair because insulin can stimulate cells to produce male hormones. These same hormones can also trigger acne, especially in adolescence. These symptoms disappear when glucose levels are under control.

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Growths on the skin

Although these papillomas are usually benign, many studies have found an increased risk of developing diabetes in those who have them.

The mechanism by which diabetes causes skin warts is not yet fully understood, but insulin resistance is believed to activate growth factors that cause even small lesions to grow and change.

sexual dysfunction

Inflammation caused by excess glucose can affect the part of the brain that controls sex drive. Low testosterone levels and lack of insulin also play a role.

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All of these symptoms can be a sign of developing Type I diabetes. Especially in childhood. Be attentive to the body and the body of your children.

Diabetes (especially type II) is not a death sentence. It is corrected by establishing a competent diet, adding the necessary microelements, vitamins, minerals (chromium and magnesium levels are especially important), changing lifestyle and increasing the level of physical activity, improving sleep and reducing stress. It is important to do everything in a timely manner, including contacting specialists.

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