Svetlana Perez” title=”Svetlana Perez“/>

certified clinical geneticist, nutritionist, expert of UniProf Academy of Physicians

What to do with sunburn? How to relieve symptoms?

Hot summer days. A lot of people got out on long-awaited vacations and are in a hurry to bask in the sun to their heart’s content. But no one is immune from sunburn, overheating and their accompanying symptoms: fever and pain on the skin.

In summer, there are even cloudy days when there seems to be no sun, and it seems that it is impossible to get sunburnt. But it peeps insidiously through the clouds, and the risk of getting a sunburn is even higher than in the sunniest weather.

How Sunburn Occurs

As the melanocytes in the epidermis absorb sunlight, the skin secretes a dark pigment called melanin. Melanin has a protective function – it protects the skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays.

This is a natural defense mechanism, but when the protection is damaged by overexposure to ultraviolet light, a toxic reaction occurs, leading to sunburn. Sunburn occurs when UV rays damage DNA in the epidermis, the top layer of the skin.


What medicines to treat a burn

Of course, the first drug for sunburn will be D-panthenol ointment or spray (Dexpanthenol). This is a derivative of pantothenic acid, which is a water-soluble vitamin of group B. Pantothenic acid is necessary to maintain the normal function of the epithelium, it stimulates skin regeneration, normalizes cellular metabolism, increases the strength of collagen fibers, regenerates tissues, nourishes and softens the skin. If the burn is severe, it is better to use a spray that does not need to be applied to the skin at close range.

Creams and ointments can also be used to regenerate the skin and relieve inflammation:

  • Olazol, which contains sea buckthorn oil, anesthetizes the affected area and accelerates the healing process.
  • Hydrogel with tea tree oil – has a pronounced cooling effect, helps tissue healing, can quickly reduce skin temperature.
  • Alozol with aloe and chamomile – contains antibacterial and healing substances of plant origin; and many others.

What tools can be used

  • Suitable as simple improvised means dairy products – curdled milk, unsweetened yogurt, whey or kefir. It is better to choose low-fat, light dairy products. They will provide the skin with a protein nourishing layer, prevent excessive evaporation of moisture and regenerate the damaged epidermis.
  • Fresh cucumber juice quickly eliminate inflammation and moisturize the epidermis.
  • Ordinary grated potatoes in the form of a compress perfectly cools and relieves inflammation.
  • A decoction of white cabbage also cools the skin and relieves the pain of sunburn. Fresh cabbage leaves need to be boiled a little (5 minutes), the leaves are removed, the broth is cooled and applied in the form of compresses to the burn site.
  • You can make a compress calendula solution or regular tea leaves, for this you need to dilute them with cold water in a ratio of 1:10. Drying water, having a cooling effect, relieves burning and pain.
  • pumpkin pulp in the form of gruel, as well as ground into a paste burdock leaves will also relieve inflammation of the skin and help restore it.


What else can you do for sunburn?

Of course, we must not forget about drinking plenty of water. Compensation for fluid loss is also necessary even with “external” burns. But how to lower the body temperature if there is no pharmacy and antipyretics nearby? A compress and a cool shower help locally and for a short time, and the body is exhausted by an increased degree and tired of constant irritation.

There are times when the only place you can safely sit on is the area of ​​the body covered by swimming trunks or a swimsuit, and there is simply no way to lie down and relax. In this case, you can drink 50 grams of ordinary vodka – a strong drink in a small amount will expand blood vessels, increase blood circulation, thereby increasing body temperature from the inside and leveling the feeling of inflammation from the outside. And you can at least lie down and sleep. Provided that you have applied soothing creams or compresses to the skin, the next morning the burning sensation will not be so severe.

Do not abuse the drink! Excess consumption will in no way improve the symptoms of inflammation, but it can lead to dehydration.

Read about why you want to sleep all the time in the heat here.

What to do if you constantly want to sleep in the heat: 5 tips from a doctor
What to do if you constantly want to sleep in the heat: 5 tips from a doctor

Do not use vodka externally for sunburn. Alcohol provokes active keratinization of the skin, accelerates the growth of the surface layer of the skin. As a result, the pores are clogged, therefore, skin breathing is disturbed, and this leads to repeated inflammation. Alcohol attracts liquid, like a sponge, it is able to suck water out of the upper layer of the dermis, further drying out already dry skin from the sun.

You can use all of the listed remedies if you are faced with a small burn. But if it is strong and even more so accompanied by skin damage in the form of watery vesicles or detachment of the upper layers with inflammation and infection of the lower layers of the dermis, it is important not to hesitate and consult a doctor.

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